Database-level Integration for Watershed Development
Management Information Systems (MIS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) improve decision making. Two of the integration areas of importance for MIS and GIS are user interface and database. The former allows for understanding and the latter for up-to-date data transfer.
MIS is important in the ways of project planning, implementation and monitoring, as it provides strength improves systems and processes. It works in respect to executive and technical functions; it also works towards efficient use of resources. Adding GIS will make it more efficient and easier to understand.
Integrating MIS and GIS on a user-interface level allows for the usage of one interface with multiple databases attached. This means that MIS and GIS teams will have to cooperate. When integration takes place on a database level, the two systems share one database. Once the common database has been set up the MIS and GIS teams can work independently on their applications unless the database is designed for one application. The ideal integration is on both user-interface and database level.
Management Information System
MIS refers broadly to a computer-based system that provides people with the tools to organize, evaluate and efficiently run an organization. A MIS enables faster and better control and decision-making. The user benefits include a reduction in keeping track of record and accounts on routine basis as the MIS helps manage the record and accounts.
In Himachal Pradesh, MIS and GIS systems were developed for managing and monitoring watershed-development activities for an Integrated Watershed Development Programme (IWDP), under the guidance of IWDP Solan. The objective was to improve the productive potential of the project area. The project its success and responsibility of maintenance fell to the community after completion.
A case study was done to prove the effectiveness of the integration of the MIS and GIS. The MIS application is web-enabled and the GIS consists of a standalone software package. The two applications were developed separately and had separate login screens. Required menus, as per the requirements of IWDP Solan, were included in the MIS and GIS software. After successful login to the GIS, a map is displayed of districts in Himachal Pradesh State. By clicking on the desired district a map of the area is loaded into the map viewer, in this application, Geomatica 9.0. The application was developed using VB.NET and PCI SDK 9.0 and Geomatica was used to carry out various GIS functions, such as query. The MIS system was developed using ASP.NET and SQL Server 2000 and has options for data entry and report generation based on user-specified criteria.